Vishnu Sahasranamam. Meanings: based upon the commentary of Shankaracharya. Sanskrit script courtesy: Shri. Acharya sankara reached the feet of his Guru, Sri Govindapaachaarya, and on the bank of Narmada, the Nambootiri-boy from kaaladi got initiated into the secrets of the Mahaavaakyas. At the end of his short but intense study, sankara, the inspired missionary, wanting to fulfill his glorious work, craved from the blessings of his teacher. Govindapa Acharya tested sankara by ordering him to write an exhaustive commentary Bhaashya upon the Vishnu Sahasranaama.
|Published (Last):||4 December 2011|
|PDF File Size:||12.87 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.27 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
It is also one of the most sacred and popular stotras in Hinduism. It is the most popular version of the 1, names of Vishnu. Yudhishthira asks Bhishma the following questions:  . In this universe Who is the one refuge for all? Who is the greatest Lord in the world? By eulogising whom can a person reach auspiciousness peace and prosperity? By worshipping whom can a person reach auspiciousness peace and prosperity? What is, in your opinion, the Greatest Dharma of all Dharmas?
All matter animate and inanimate reside in him, and he in turn resides within all matter. The compound is of the Bahuvrihi type and may be translated as "having a thousand names".
It is said that the one who reads this Vishnu Sahasranamam everyday with full devotion, achieves name, fame, wealth and knowledge in his life. While Vaishanvas venerate other deities , they believe that the universe, including the other divinities such as Shiva and Devi , is ultimately a manifestation of the Supreme Lord Vishnu. Despite the existence of other sahasranamas of other demi gods , referring a sahasranama as "The Sahasranama," generally refers to the Vishnu Sahasranama alone, thereby indicating its wide popularity and use.
Two of the names in Vishnusahasranama that refer to Shiva are "Shiva" names 27 and in Advaitin Adi Shankara 's commentary itself, "Shambhu" name 38 , "Ishanah" name 6 4 , and "Rudra" name Parasara Bhattar had interpreted Shiva to mean a quality of Vishnu, such as "One who bestows auspiciousness.
However, this interpretation of the name Shiva has been challenged by Swami Tapasyananda 's translation of Shankara 's commentary on the Vishnusahasranama. As many Sanskrit words have multiple meanings, it is possible that both Vishnu and Shiva share names in this instance, e. The Deities Ananthapadmanabha and Shankaranarayana are worshipped by Hindus, as is Lord Panduranga Vitthala, a form of Lord Krishna with a Shiva Linga on his crown, signifying the oneness of both deities.
However, the Vaishnava commentator, Parasara Bhattar, a follower of Ramanujacharya has interpreted the names "Shiva" and "Rudra" in Vishnu sahasranama to mean qualities or attributes of Vishnu, and not to indicate that Vishnu and Shiva are one and the same God. Vaishnavas worship Vishnu in his four-armed form, carrying conch , disc , flower and mace in his hands, believing that to be the Supreme form. However, Smarthas do not subscribe to this aspect or personification of God, as Smarthas say that God is Nirguna and thus devoid of form.
Additionally, they believe that God is not limited by time nor limited by shape and color. Vaishnava traditions are of the opinion that Vishnu is both unlimited and yet still capable of having specific forms, as to give arguments to the contrary to say that God is incapable of having a form is to limit the unlimitable and all-powerful Supreme. In the Sri Vaishnava and Sadh Vaishnava tradition, the Bhagavad-gita and the Vishnu Sahasranama are considered the two eyes of spiritual revelation.
In other Vaishnava traditions too, the Vishnu Sahasranama is considered an important text. Within Gaudiya Vaishnavism , Vallabha sampradaya , Nimbarka sampradaya and among Ramanandis , the chanting of the names of Krishna and Rama are considered to be superior to that of Vishnu.
Based on another verse in the Padma Purana which says that the benefit of chanting the one thousand names of Vishnu can be derived from chanting one name of Rama, and a verse in the Brahma Vaivarta Purana equating the benefit of chanting three names of Rama with one name of Krishna.
However, it is important to realize that those verses in those puranas are not to be interpreted literally, as many believe that there is no difference between Vishnu and Krishna. This theological difference can be expressed as follows: Many Vaishnava groups recognize Krishna as an Avatar of Vishnu, while others, instead, consider Him to be svayam bhagavan , or the original form of the Lord.
Yet these verses can be interpreted as it is more important to have pure bhakti or devotion than merely repeating the many names of God without emotion. Indeed, Shri Krishna Himself said, "Arjuna, One may be desirous of praising by reciting the thousand names. But, on my part, I feel praised by one shloka.
There is no doubt about it. Within Vaisnavism some groups, such as Sri sampradaya , adhere to and follow the Rig Veda : 1. Many names in the Vishnusahasranama, the thousand names of Vishnu allude to the power of God in controlling karma. For example, the th name of Vishnu, Dharmadhyaksha, in Sankara 's interpretation means, "One who directly sees the merits Dharma and demerits Adharma , of beings by bestowing their due rewards on them.
Other names of Vishnu alluding to this nature of God are Bhavanah, the 32nd name, Vidhata, the 44th name, Apramattah, the th name, Sthanadah, the th name and Srivibhavanah, the th name. Sections from Swami Tapasyananda 's translation of the concluding verses of Vishnu sahasranama, state the following: "Nothing evil or inauspicious will befall a man here or hereafter who daily hears or repeats these names. King Nahusha , a once righteous king, ancestor of Yudhishthira , according to excerpt from C.
Rajagopalachari 's translation of the Mahabharata, after performing countless sacrifices, became an Indra , king of devas, but was later expelled from Swarga or heaven due to a curse by the great sage Agastya for his eventual gain in pride and arrogance and became a python for thousands of years.
In the linked preface prayer but not in the succeeding Sahasranama non-formal pronunciation is used, since correct representation of pronunciation requires extensive use of diacritic marks. Retroflex phonemes are those where the tongue is slightly coiled back in the palate and released along with the phoneme's sound. Although devotion is considered the most important thing while reciting any prayer or mantra Unless used for tantric purposes, where the sound's vibration plays the major role , use of the correct pronunciation is believed by devotees to enhance the satisfaction derived from the recital, in the case of both vocal and mental chants.
Believers in the recitation of the Sahasranama claim that it brings unwavering calm of mind, complete freedom from stress and brings eternal knowledge. A translation of the concluding verses Phalasruti of Vishnu sahasranama, state the following: "Nothing evil or inauspicious will befall a man here or hereafter who daily hears or repeats these names..
Whichever devoted man, getting up early in the morning and purifying himself, repeats this hymn devoted to Vasudeva , with a mind that is concentrated on Him, that man attains to great fame, leadership among his peers, wealth that is secure and the supreme good unsurpassed by anything. He will be free from all fears and be endowed with great courage and energy and he will be free from diseases. Beauty of form, strength of body and mind, and virtuous character will be natural to him One who reads this hymn every day with devotion and attention attains to peace of mind, patience, prosperity, mental stability, memory and reputation Whoever desires advancement and happiness should repeat this devotional hymn on Vishnu composed by Vyasa Never will defeat attend on a man who adores the Lotus-Eyed One Kamala Nayana , who is the Master of all the worlds, who is birthless, and out of whom the worlds have originated and into whom they dissolve.
If one cannot do all this on any day, it is believed that chanting Vishnu sahasranama alone is sufficient. Vishnu sahasranama can be chanted at any time, irrespective of gender. Varahi Tantra says that in the age of Kali yuga, most stotras are cursed by Parashurama and hence are ineffective.
While listing the ones which are free from this curse and hence suitable during Kali Yuga , it is said, "Gita of the Bhishma Parva, Vishnu Sahasranama of Mahabharata and Chandika Saptashati' Devi Mahatmyam are free from all Doshas and grant fruits immediately in Kali Yuga. In his celebrated Ayurvedic text Charaka Samhita, Acharya Charaka avers to the power of Vishnu Sahasranama in curing all kinds of fever. An alternative approach is to say the starting prayer, and then say the names collected in stanzas As they were originally said by Bhishma.
Such stanzas are called Slokas in Sanskrit. The Sahasranama apart from the initial and concluding prayers has a total of shlokas. Notice the aggregation of several words and the omission of their intervening spaces. For example, the last word of the first line of this Sloka :. This joining-together of words is a common feature of Sanskrit and is called Samasa - a compound.
It makes the sloka s compact, and easier to remember. This is the complete list of names, in loose anglicized spelling and with idiosyncratic translations. In this way we find all the scriptures aiming at the Supreme Person. In the Rig Veda 1. The whole Vedic process, therefore, is to understand Lord Vishnu, and any scripture is directly or indirectly chanting the glories of the Supreme Lord, Vishnu.
O Varanana lovely-faced lady , I chant the holy name of Rama, Rama, Rama and thus constantly enjoy this beautiful sound. This holy name of Sri Rama is equal to one thousand holy names of Lord Vishnu.
But, on my part, I feel praised by one sloka. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of 1, names of Vishnu. This article may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. June Main traditions.
Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts. Text classification. Other topics. Supreme deity. Important deities. Holy scriptures. Related traditions. Retrieved 4 October Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 21 June Sri Vishnu Sahasranama, pg.
Sri Vishnu Sahasranama, pgs. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 16 December The Hindu. Chennai, India. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram & Lalita Sahasranama Stotram
There are myriad ways to worship the Supreme power that governs the entire universe. And one of the simplest yet most powerful forms can be executed by the mere recitation of the mantras, strotras and shlokas with utmost devotion. Interestingly, in Hinduism, a devotee has the privilege of choosing his Ishta Devta or favourite God, who he or she holds closest to the heart. The three most important deities in the Hindu pantheon are Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh Shiva who represent creation, sustenance and destruction respectively. Among them, Vishnu is hailed as the one who shields one and all. It is he who helps various forms of life thrive on the planet, and hence the significance.
The Vishnu Sahasranam is found in the Mahabharatha. Literally translated this means thousand names of Vishnu. This is found in the Anushasanika Parvam chapter relating to orders or rules to the kings of Mahabharatha. Bheeshma Pitamaha was defeated and grievously wounded by Arjuna.