A Spanish version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale ESS-Sp was developed by translation, back-translation, formal discussion, and a meeting of researchers with a group of patients with sleep apnea syndrome SAS. The translated questionnaire was then tested in patients, with SAS at various levels of severity and 70 without SAS. Total scores and individual item scores were related in both groups. Likewise, each item was related to total score in patients with SAS. Differences continued to be detected when multiple correlations were looked for, with differences increasing with severity. We conclude that the Spanish version of the ESS is equivalent to the original, is reproducible in patients with SAS, sensitive to post-treatment changes and seems to discriminate level of severity, showing correlation with polysomnograph variables.
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Johns MW. The clinical assessment of daytime sleepiness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. In:Surgery for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, ed.
Fabiani M. Kugler publications, The Hague, Sensitivity and specificity of the multiple sleep latency test MSLT , the maintenance of wakefulness test and the epworth sleepiness scale: failure of the MSLT as a gold standard. J Sleep Res. Sleepiness in different situations measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Daytime sleepiness, snoring, and obstructive sleep apnea.
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Reliability and factor analysis of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth sleepiness scale.
Dr Murray W Johns P. Additional information on the ESS website. The list of available translations is subject to constant changes and may not be exhaustive. It is provided for information only. Some recently produced translations may not be included in the list below yet. Also, the listed translations may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study. For additional information on available translations of this instrument, or for a project involving new languages, please submit a request tutorials available on our FAQs.
Distributed by Mapi Research Trust. To measure a subject's usual level of daytime sleepiness or average sleep propensity. Please proceed below. ESS in English for Australia. English for Australia. Please note that some translated versions may be slightly different from the original ESS.
Bibliographic references of translations: See Dr Johns personal website. Already a subscriber Login.
Epworth Sleepiness Scale in English and Spanish
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2013, Number 4
Key words:. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International classification of sleep disorders, 2nd ed. Diagnostic and coding manual. Quantification of sleepiness: a new approach.