Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback, has been used successfully for the treatment of substance abuse for over 25 years. Patients learned to increase theta and alpha in occipital regions during eyes closed training to induce a hypnagogic state. Mental imagery scripts based on drug and alcohol rejection scenes, treatment goals, and lifestyle changes developed prior to neurofeedback were read to subjects during the initiation of the alpha-theta training session. Alpha-Theta Neurofeedback Mechanism of Action The exact mechanism of alpha-theta neurofeedback remains elusive, but there is much speculation and ongoing research Mark Johnson, personal communication. Another possibility for these dramatic results advocated by Peniston and Kulkosky ; is that alpha-theta neurofeedback counteracts increased beta-endorphin levels related to the stress of abstinence. The Peniston Protocol and the Scott and Kaiser Modifications of the Peniston Protocol discussed below are effective treatments when defined as long term abstinence.
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We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Five papers by Peniston and colleagues, which constitute the basic literature for alpha-theta EEG biofeedback treatment for alcoholism and posttraumatic stress disorder, are reviewed.
As a result, we raise three questions: a Are the samples studied independent? In seeking answers to these questions we aim to strengthen the database for neurofeedback with specific procedural information so that claims of efficacy can be tested and accepted or rejected on an objective basis. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve.
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Graap, K. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 23, — Download citation. Issue Date : December Search SpringerLink Search. Abstract Five papers by Peniston and colleagues, which constitute the basic literature for alpha-theta EEG biofeedback treatment for alcoholism and posttraumatic stress disorder, are reviewed. Immediate online access to all issues from Subscription will auto renew annually. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar.
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Regarding the Database for the Peniston Alpha-Theta EEG Biofeedback Protocol
An alpha-theta brainwave biofeedfack training program was applied as a novel treatment technique for chronic alcoholics. Following a temperature biofeedback pretraining phase, experimental subjects completed 15 min sessions of alpha-theta biofeedback training. Compared to a nonalcoholic control group and a traditionally treated alcoholic control group, alcoholics receiving brainwave training BWT showed significant increases in percentages of EEG record in alpha and theta rhythms, and increased alpha rhythm amplitudes. Alcoholics receiving BWT showed a gradual increase in alpha and theta brain rhythms across the 15 experimental sessions. These experimentally treated alcoholics showed sharp reductions in self-assessed depression Beck's Depression Inventory compared to the control groups. Alcoholics receiving standard medical treatment abstinence, group psychotherapy, antidepressants showed a significant elevation in serum beta-endorphin levels at the conclusion of the experiment.
Alpha-theta brainwave training and beta-endorphin levels in alcoholics.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Peniston and Paul J. Peniston , Paul J. Kulkosky Published Psychology, Medicine Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research. An alpha-theta brainwave biofeedfack training program was applied as a novel treatment technique for chronic alcoholics.