Bachtiar, Harsja W. Baswedan, Anies R. Beatty, Andrew. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Bird, Judith.
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Abangan, santri, priyayi : dalam masyarakat Jawa
This paper categorizes Muslim beliefs and practices in postcolonial Indonesia— santri-abangan-priyayi , traditionalist-modernist, political-cultural, fundamentalist-liberal, great-little tradition, and global-local—and argues that, far from being fixed, they must be situated in context. Such a typology must consider contingency, diversity, and complexity, shaped by various factors. The terms santri and abangan are useful to identify fractions of the Muslim population in Java, but are not relevant in other islands. Santri , originally the students in religious schools pesantren , now encompasses the wider category of the pious Muslims, whereas abangan refers to nominal Muslims. The two groups have a dynamic relationship, including its politicization in contemporary Indonesia. The traditionalist vs. The political vs.
The Santri are people in Javanese who practice a more orthodox version of Islam , in contrast to the more syncretic abangan. The American sociologist, Clifford Geertz , identified three main cultural streams aliran in Indonesian in Javanese society. Namely, the santri , abangan , and priyayi. In contrast, the abangan tend to be from village backgrounds and absorb both Hindu and Muslim elements, forming a culture of animist and folk traditions, it is also claimed that this particular class originated from Sindhi sailors, who had settled in Java.
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