Ergenekon was by some believed to be part of the " deep state ". Ergenekon's modus operandi had been compared to Operation Gladio 's Turkish branch, the Counter-Guerrilla. An organization named "Ergenekon" has been talked about since the Susurluk scandal , which exposed a similar gang. However, it is said that Ergenekon has undergone serious changes since then. Another position is that while some of the suspects may be guilty of something, there is no organization to which they are all party, and that the only thing they have in common is opposition to the AKP.

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The Ergenekon trials were a series of high-profile trials which took place in Turkey in which people, including military officers, journalists and opposition lawmakers, all alleged members of Ergenekon , a suspected secularist clandestine organization, were accused of plotting against the Turkish government. The trials resulted in lengthy prison sentences for the majority of the accused. In the event, those sentences were overturned shortly after.

Since Istanbul Heavy Penal Court 13 accepted the 2,page indictment against 86 defendants in the first case against alleged members of the supposed clandestine organization Ergenekon on 28 July a further 14 indictments were submitted up to February At the beginning the courtroom could accommodate about people. The reading of the 2,page indictment lasted until 13 November On 30 January the defendants Dr.

The hearing was adjourned to 22 February During the hearing of 7 December Dr. Subsequently his lawyer declined to defend him any further.

Despite repeated demands of the presiding judge he did not reveal any details. He asked that they be heard as witnesses. In May a trial of a man accused of plotting to assassinate Greek Patriarch Bartholomew was merged with the first Ergenekon case. As of early there were defendants overall charged in the first case against Ergenekon.

With the 1,page second indictment another 56 defendants were charged at Istanbul Heavy Penal Court This case was later merged with a case against 52 defendants named in an indictment of 1, pages. The main charges include plotting a coup by forming a terrorist organization, plotting to restructure the civil administration and planning to wiretap illegally.

There are eight defendants including the lawyer Yusuf Erikel. The indictment has pages [1]. The first hearing was held on 20 July The court merged the cases of indictments 2 and 3. Of the 52 defendants from indictment 3 37 were in pre-trial detention. He pleaded not guilty. It has become the name of one of several trials against alleged members of the clandestine organization Ergenekon , allegedly planning to overthrow the government of the Justice and Development Party.

The 'cage plan' allegedly aimed at destabilising the country by killing members of non-Muslim minorities. In February the same court accepted an indictment on allegations that 19 Navy personnel planned to assassinate Navy admirals. The assassination case's first trial was scheduled for 7 May The trial of 33 serving and retired Turkish military officers opened on 16 June , with a first hearing at the Istanbul Heavy Penal Court The Armenian newspaper Agos , one of the targets identified in the alleged plan, was accepted as an intervenor.

The document was published by Taraf newspaper in May The European Union declared that it was closely following developments related to the Naval Forces Command plan.

The judge at Istanbul Heavy Penal Court 12 rejected applications from defense lawyers that the case be transferred to a military court. During the first hearing on the so-called "cage action plan" on 15 June the court rejected the demand to transfer the case to a military court. The case has a total of 33 suspects who are being charged with membership in an armed terrorist organization and could face prison sentences of between 7. On 5 July the final three suspects under arrest in connection to the "Kafes" Cage Plan were released pending trial.

The name "wet signature" tr: " Islak İmza " is known as indictment seven. The indictment has pages. The indictment consists of 61 pages. Excluding the attachments of 6 pages the page strong indictment presents statements of 12 secret witnesses on 20 pages of it. This plan found in an office of a lawyer pretended that reactionary fundamentalist groups accused members of the Turkish Armed Forces to belong to Ergenekon and, therefore, had to be presented as criminal elements.

The investigations had started after hand grenades and munition had been found close to Erzincan. Afterwards the defendants had tried to "hire" witnesses to testify that the police had placed the arms there.

Chief prosecutor İlhan Cihaner had threatened to kill the father of the person, if he did not as demanded. At the time 10 of the 16 defendants were in pre-trial detention. Since another case against prosecutor Cihaner was pending at the Court of Cassation for misuse of authority the files were sent there to decide which court should hear the case. On 18 May Penal Chamber 11 at the Court of Cassation heard the case and decided to release all 10 defendants. Since Istanbul Heavy Penal Court 13 also had demanded to take over the case the Assembly of Chamber at the Court of Cassation had to deal with the case.

On 24 December , the Assembly decided that the case related to misuse of authority should continue at Penal Chamber 11 at the Court of Cassation, but the Erzincan file should be sent back to the prosecutor in Erzurum, because he had initiated a case against a first-degree prosecutor without permission of the Ministry of Justice.

The witness told the judges that high-profile but illegal meetings were held in Erzincan during which members of the military, businessmen and members of political parties discussed ongoing developments in Turkey. Cihaner gave orders for acts of violence that sought to foment chaos in society," the witness claimed. Efe, however, did not specify when the meetings took place.

The first hearing was scheduled for 12 September. In April the trial called "Action Plan to Fight Reaction" was merged with the second Ergenekon trial raising the number of defendants to , 33 of them in pre-trial detention. He demanded to combine this case with the "action plan to fight reaction". They were charged with the attempt to overthrow the government. The first hearing was scheduled for 12 September On that day the 32nd hearing was held in the "action plan to fight reaction" case.

The number of defendants in the "Internet Memorandum" case had risen to A secret witness with a disguised voice sitting in a separate room was heard. The defence pointed at various discrepancies of the testimony to the initial statements of this witness.

The page strong indictment lists eight defendants. Several people were detained and material mainly CDs and hard disks were confiscated. Documents found allegedly prove the intention of the defendants to recruit new member for Ergenekon to oppose fundamentalist students.

Details on these 30 students can be found on pages 35 to 40 of the indictment. In the Turkish press the full names and the allegation that they set cars on fire can be found in many papers in Turkey. Two of them were charged with "acting in the name of an organization without being a member of it" and only one person was charged as offender and is imprisoned since Istanbul State Security Court 3 had dealt with the allegation that the foundation supported members of illegal organizations.

In the Court had acquitted them and in the Court of Cassation had confirmed the acquittal. Relating to the accusation in the press that the gendarmerie was in possession of a report on the subject the foundation had opened a case for compensation and on 16 March Ankara Civil Court of First Instance 17 had ruled in favour of the demand.

The gendarmerie had informed the court that no such report or knowledge existed. It turned out that the prosecutor's office had forgotten to send four files of evidence to the court. The court decided to merge the cases. The defendants allegedly were in contact to leading members of Ergenekon.

For three to four months he had been taken from prison to operations and they had received money for each person they killed. Suspended police officer Yusuf Ethem Akbulut is the only defendant not in pre-trial detention.

Intelligence officers had visited him and he had provided a testimony of pages. One of them, Osman Eker was like a father to him. At the beginning of September Istanbul Heavy Penal Court 16 accepted the page indictment relating to 14 suspects, 12 of them in pre-trial detention. The indictment accuses the defendants to be either founders, leaders, members or supporters of the "armed terror organization Ergenekon", to have incited to hatred and enmity, to have obtained secret documents etc.

Rare and malicious computer viruses, including Autorun-BJ and WinMalware-gen , allowed the placement of the documents to go unnoticed by the defendants. There have been a number of trials arising from reporting on Ergenekon, with journalists accused of "violating the confidentiality of the investigation" into Ergenekon , or violating the judicial process of the Ergenekon trials attempting to influence a trial. On 5 August verdicts were announced.

In April , all the verdicts in the case were annulled, pending a re-trial. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Trials in Turkey. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. September This article may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. Main article: Cases for reporting on Ergenekon. Retrieved 30 January The Atlantic.

Retrieved 25 April Foreign Policy. Retrieved 23 June The Democratic Turkey Forum has issued the reports in chapters including the chapter on Ergenekon.

BBC News.


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