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Zaboravljena lozinka! Direktan link. Belgrade Philosophical Annual. Milidrag Predrag. Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za filozofiju.
The subject of this article is an analysis of the fundamental notions of Descartes' metaphysics, which are relevant to an understanding of his theory of ideas. It begins with the notions of substance as such and thing res as such. The notion of thing is defined as follows: an essence with the predicate 'the possibility of existing even outside of thinking'.
On this notion Descartes builds his notion of reality realitas and its degrees, The degrees of reality are defined as intrapredicate determination of an essence and they refer to the degree of independence of an essence's possible existence even outside of thinking. The degree of reality can be either substantial or modal, i. After that, the place from Meditation Two is interpreted where Descartes states that the 'I' is a thing which is real and which is truly exists res vera et vere existens, AT VII It is done against the background of the notion of the real essence essentia realis in the philosophy of late Scholastics philosopher and theologian Francisco Suarez S.
The conclusion is that the 'I' is a real essence, and that the notions of 'thing' and 'real essence' are equivalent. The real essence, which is in the thinking, is named a potential real essence, because it is in thinking and has a potentiality for existing even out of it; if it exists out of thinking the essence is actual real essence. The very actuality or non-actuality of the potentiality in question is only a characteristic accidence of an essence, not it's predicate.
This is a consequence of Descartes' as well as Suarez's understanding of the difference between essence and existence of being ens , as merely a conceptual one. Therefore it is necessary to distinguish between two questions about related to the existence of the essence: if it exists actually its accidence and how it can exist its predicate: whether it is substantial or modal.
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London - New York: Routledge. Wuellner, B. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing.
Frederik Koplston - Istorija Filozofije Tom III - Kasni Srednji Vek i Renesansna Filozofija
ISBN 13: 9788613003403
Istorija Filozofije Srednjovekovna Filozofija