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A closer look at items from the treasure trove of the Robert D. In his text, Zarlino teaches composers to study music using both reason and the senses in order to make their compositions more perfect. It was not enough to merely write music with a pleasing sound; Zarlino believed that a composer should also understand the scientific principles determining traits which make music appealing. As part of the The Walter F. Although not an uncommon text to find in university libraries, this particular copy--a second printing--is made uniquely fascinating by the handwritten annotations found throughout the text.
In some places, the writing has been crossed out using the same brown ink. Unfortunately, the outer edges of these annotations have been lost. This particular copy of Le Istitutioni Harmoniche was originally held in the library of Gualfardo Bercanovich, an Italian composer of the late nineteenth century.
In the case of this Zarlino text, the trimming required for binding removed some of the commentary. T he text of Le Istitutioni Harmoniche is divided into four books. This method was based on ratios proposed by Ptolemy and allowed for a greater number of in-tune consonances than the Pythagorean system also in use at the time. By dividing the string of a monochord into six parts instead of four, additional perfect consonances could be formed 2.
In this section, Zarlino adapts existing contrapuntal methods to allow for more modern tuning. He divides the useable intervals into specific groupings based on degrees of perfection, and establishes rules for voice leading and the placement of specific types of intervals. These are not rules invented by Zarlino, but passed down to him from his teacher, Adrian Willaert. However, Zarlino was the first to clearly articulate these rules in writing 3.
In the final section, Book Four, Zarlino discusses his twelve-mode system. Again based on Willaert with significant influences from Glaurean, Zarlino expands the traditional Greek modal system from eight modes to twelve.
He also strips the modes of their traditional Greek names, simply identifying them by number. He discusses each mode in detail before ending his treatise with a rare discussion of the finer points of composition, such as text expression and underlay. Aside from his work as a theorist, Zarlino served as the maestro di capella of St. He composed motets and madrigals and was the teacher of several important theorists, including Artusi, Merulo, and Galilei.
His treatise laid the groundwork for the musical development to come. Post a Comment. Pin It. Posted by Robert D. No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.
Robert D. For more information The Archives and Special Collections department houses the gems of the Brandeis library. The rare book collection includes incunabula; books published in the 16th - 18th centuries on such subjects as history, English and American literature, philosophy, and Judaica; first and limited editions; and fine press publications. Special Collections also holds literary manuscripts of European and American authors such as John Cheever and Joseph Heller, as well as music collections and photographic collections.
In addition, it includes collections of materials on the Spanish Civil War, left- and right-wing movements in the United States in the latter half of the twentieth century, anti-Semitism, the Holocaust, twentieth-century anti-alien and anti-radical movements in the United States, and Zionism. The department also includes the papers of prominent political figures such as Louis D. Brandeis, Benjamin Disraeli, and Daniel Webster.
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Italian theorist and composer. He was a leading theorist of counterpoint in the 16th century. In his own history of the Capuchin friars of Venice Zarlino recalled that when he was very small his uncle Bartolomeo Zarlino entered the Franciscan order on 24 July together with a Fra Paulo, who became a strong influence in his childhood. He received his early education among the Franciscans. Archival documents give the dates of his religious promotions: the first tonsure on
Le Istitutioni Harmoniche (Zarlino, Gioseffo)
Marco, Claude V. Journal of the American Musicological Society 1 April ; 23 1 : — Recipient s will receive an email with a link to 'Review: The Art of Counterpoint. Palisca' and will not need an account to access the content. Subject: Review: The Art of Counterpoint. Sign In or Create an Account. User Tools.