Created in , updated in , amended in , updated in The standard defines an eight or six pin interface; the first pin is located at the bottom-right corner for the image given. Pins 4 and 8 are occasionally omitted. Created in , updated in , amended in Created in , updated in According to its abstract, it specifies the Data Elements DEs used for interindustry interchange based on integrated circuit cards ICCs both with contacts and without contacts.
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Primarily, smart card standards govern physical properties, communication characteristics, and application identifiers of the embedded chip and data. The ISO facilitates the creation of voluntary standards through a process that is open to all parties.
Anyone interested in obtaining a technical understanding of smart cards needs to become familiar with what ISO and does NOT cover as well as what it does. Application-specific properties are being debated with many large organizations and groups proposing their standards.
Open system card interoperability should apply at several levels: 1. To the card itself, 2. The card's access terminals readers , 3. The networks and 4. The card issuers' own systems. Open system card interoperability will only be achieved by conformance to international standards.
These organizations are active in smart card standardization: The following standards and the organizations that maintain them are the most prevalent in the smart card industry:. They define the card logical structure files and data elements , various commands used by the application programming interface for basic use, application management, biometric verification, cryptographic services and application naming.
Specifically, it establishes standards for the physical characteristics, radio frequency power and signal interface, and anti-collision and transmission protocol for vicinity cards that operate to a maximum of 1 meter approximately 3. ICAO has published the specification for electronic passports using a contactless smart chip to securely store traveler data.
FIPS standards are designed to protect federal assets, including computer and telecommunications systems. The following FIPS standards apply to smart card technology and pertain to digital signature standards, advanced encryption standards, and security requirements for cryptographic modules.
This specification covers all aspects of multifunction cards used in identity management systems throughout the U. These specifications are related to ISO and create a common technical basis for card and system implementation of a stored value system. This standard only applies to CPU contact cards. Version 2. Apple, Oracle-Sun, Linux and Microsoft all support this standard. The standard is a highly abstracted set of middleware components that allow for the most common reader card interactions.
GSM HIPAA adopts national standards for implementing a secure electronic health transaction system in the U. Example transactions affected by this include claims, enrollment, eligibility, payment and coordination of benefits. Smart cards are governed by the requirements of HIPAA pertaining to data security and patient privacy. The IC Communications Standards existed for non-volatile memories before the chips were adopted for smart card use. The GSM standard is dominant in the cell phone industry and uses smart cards called Subscriber Identification Modules SIMs that are configured with information essential to authenticating a GSM-compliant mobile phone, thus allowing a phone to receive service whenever the phone is within coverage of a suitable network.
This standard is managed by the European Telecommunication Standards Institute. The two most common standards for cards are The OpenCardT framework is an obsolete standard. The following data is for informative purposes only. The guidelines were based on open standards and provided an architecture and a set of application program interfaces APIs that enable application developers and service providers to build and deploy smart card solutions on any OpenCard-compliant network computer.
Through the use of a smart card, an OpenCard-compliant system should have enabled access to personalized data and services from any network computer and dynamically download from the Internet all device drivers that are necessary to communicate with the smart card. By providing a high-level interface which can support multiple smart card types, the OpenCard Framework was intended to enable vendor-independent card interoperability.
GlobalPlatform is an international, non-profit association. Its mission is to establish, maintain and drive adoption of standards to enable an open and interoperable infrastructure for smart cards, devices and systems that simplifies and accelerates development, deployment and management of applications across industries.
The standard establishes mechanisms and policies that enable secure channel communications with a credential. Common Criteria is an internationally approved security evaluation framework providing a clear and reliable evaluation of the security capabilities of IT products, including secure ICs, smart card operating systems, and application software.
CC provides an independent assessment of a product's ability to meet security standards. Security-conscious customers, such as national governments, are increasingly requiring CC certification in making purchasing decisions.
Since the requirements for certification are clearly established, vendors can target very specific security needs while providing broad product offerings. Many new secure ID system implementations are using both biometrics and smart cards to improve the security and privacy of an ID system.
BioAPI is intended to provide a high-level generic biometric authentication model-one suited for any form of biometric technology. It covers the basic functions of enrollment, verification, and identification, and includes a database interface to allow a biometric service provider BSP to manage the technology device and identification population for optimum performance.
It also provides primitives that allow the application to separately manage the capture of samples on a client workstation, and the enrollment, verification, and identification functions on a server. Note that BioAPI is not optimum for a microcontroller environment such as might be embedded within a door access control reader unit or within a smart card processor. BioAPI is more suitable when there is a general-purpose computer available.
These data can be placed in a single file used to exchange biometric information between different system components or between systems. The result promotes interoperability of biometric-based application programs and systems developed by different vendors by allowing biometric data interchange. These standards specify a data record interchange format for storing, recording, and transmitting the information from a biometric sample within a CBEFF data structure.
There are ISO equivalents to each standard listed here. Smart Card Standards Primarily, smart card standards govern physical properties, communication characteristics, and application identifiers of the embedded chip and data.
Primarily, smart card standards govern physical properties, communication characteristics, and application identifiers of the embedded chip and data. The ISO facilitates the creation of voluntary standards through a process that is open to all parties. Anyone interested in obtaining a technical understanding of smart cards needs to become familiar with what ISO and does NOT cover as well as what it does. Application-specific properties are being debated with many large organizations and groups proposing their standards. Open system card interoperability should apply at several levels: 1. To the card itself, 2.
Smart Card Standards