All states that have vaccination requirements have certain legal exemptions. Following is information about new legislation, organized by vaccine and state. At the end of the article is information about new legislation regarding pharmacists' scope of practice in immunization. Note: Indiana currently has hepatitis B requirements for students in kindergarten through grade 6.
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All states that have vaccination requirements have certain legal exemptions. Following is information about new legislation, organized by vaccine and state. At the end of the article is information about new legislation regarding pharmacists' scope of practice in immunization. Note: Indiana currently has hepatitis B requirements for students in kindergarten through grade 6. Kansas: By department of health regulation, all kindergarten enrollees in the school year must have evidence of vaccination against hepatitis B.
The law also requires the state department of health to post information about hepatitis B disease and vaccine on its website, so it is available to junior and senior high school students and their parents.
IAC has compiled information about states that have hepatitis B mandates for prenatal screening, and day care, elementary, and middle school entry. The new requirements become effective in calendar year Documentation is required in the patient's chart. Medical and conscientious exemptions are permitted.
The law requires annual reporting to the federal Department of Health and Human Services. It also requires the above-referenced facilities to offer vaccination against influenza by November 30 of each year for each employee. Employees who begin employment between October 1 and February 1 of each year must be offered vaccination before they begin their employment.
Students must also provide information on their meningococcal vaccination status. Students must indicate their meningococcal vaccination status on their student health forms. Students must indicate their meningococcal vaccination status. Effective: school year. Implementation will begin in summer The law also requires the state department of health to post information about meningococcal disease and vaccine on its website, so it is available to junior and senior high school students and their parents.
IAC has compiled information about states with meningococcal prevention mandates for colleges and universities. The department of health promulgated rules in October that specified the effective dates: child care requirements became effective in January and kindergarten requirements will become effective in the school year. All children 19 months of age and older must have such evidence to attend a child care center.
IAC has compiled information about all states that have varicella mandates for day care, elementary, and middle school entry. IAC has compiled information about states that authorize pharmacists to vaccinate. In Section 3, the end of the sentence in the first bullet was changed from ". The date on the VIS remains the same. Additional files are continually being updated and uploaded; check the web page below often to access a more complete collection of presentation files.
It is reprinted below in its entirety. The recommendations for avian influenza A H5N1 remain at the enhanced level established in February As detailed in the recommendations below, vigilance in the clinical setting for SARS and avian influenza H5N1 requires that health care providers consistently obtain international travel and other exposure risk information for persons who have specified respiratory symptoms.
Possible sources of infection for the two laboratory workers, neither of whom is known to have worked directly with SARS-CoV, are being investigated. Of the seven other SARS cases, two were directly linked to close contact with one of the graduate students who worked at NIVL; these two cases were in the graduate student's mother who died and in a nurse who provided care to the graduate student. The remaining five cases were linked to close contact with the nurse.
On May 18, the World Health Organization WHO reported on its website that the outbreak in China appears to have been contained, but that laboratory biosafety concerns remain and further investigation is under way. CDC is in close communication with WHO and is working with its other public health partners to reinforce the need for strict adherence to applicable biosafety precautions to reduce the risk of laboratory-related exposures to SARS-CoV.
Recommended U. When individuals meeting these criteria are identified, appropriate infection control should be instituted, as described in the guidelines at www.
SARS-CoV testing should be considered if no alternative diagnosis is identified 72 hours after initiation of the clinical evaluation and the patient is thought to be at high risk for SARS-CoV disease e. Infection control practioners and other health-care personnel also should be alert for clusters of pneumonia among two or more health care workers who work in the same facility. The last case officially reported by Vietnam occurred in February There currently is no evidence of efficient human-to-human transmission of avian influenza A H5N1 viruses.
These cases were associated with widespread H5N1 poultry outbreaks that occurred at commercial and small backyard poultry farms. Since December , eight countries have reported H5N1 outbreaks among poultry. Outbreaks in South Korea and Japan were limited to commercial farms and have been adequately contained; however, outbreaks in Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, and China have been more extensive and the degree to which they have been controlled remains uncertain.
On the basis of current information, human infection with avian influenza A H5N1 viruses remains a public health risk in these countries. Enhanced U. Cases of influenza A H5N1 --Thailand, Avian influenza A H5N1 in 10 patients in Vietnam. New England Journal of Medicine ; For general information about influenza, see the CDC website at www.
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Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. For assistance, please send e-mail to: mmwrq cdc. Type Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail. Each year, CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ACIP reviews the recommended childhood immunization schedule to ensure that it remains current with changes in manufacturers' vaccine formulations, revisions in recommendations for the use of licensed vaccines, and recommendations for newly licensed vaccines. This report presents the recommended childhood immunization schedule for Figure 1 and documents the changes that have occurred since the January publication 4. For , ACIP, the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American Academy of Pediatrics have added pneumococcal conjugate vaccine to the schedule 2 and have extended the recommendation for the use of hepatitis A vaccine to include persons through age 18 years in selected geographic areas and in certain high-risk groups 3. Detailed recommendations for using vaccines are available from the manufacturers' package inserts, ACIP statements on specific vaccines, and the Red Book 5.
Recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule --- United States, 2001
The notice is reprinted below, excluding references. On February 13, , CDC recommended that health-care providers temporarily suspend routine use of the fourth dose of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine PCV7 when vaccinating healthy children. This action was taken to conserve vaccine and minimize the likelihood of shortages until Wyeth Vaccines, the only U. Since that recommendation, PCV7 production has been much less than expected because of continuing problems with the PCV7 vial-filling production line.