HERALDIKA I SRBI PDF

Zaboravljena lozinka! Direktan link. The extensive demolition of its fortifications by the Ottoman Turks after their re-conquest of the fortress in and the bombardment during the First World War obliterated virtually all structures built during the period of Austrian Habsburg rule between and The only surviving are a few fortress gates with baroque-style portals, among which a special place is held by the Lower-Town gate named after the reigning Habsburg emperor, Charles VI.

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Zaboravljena lozinka! Direktan link. The extensive demolition of its fortifications by the Ottoman Turks after their re-conquest of the fortress in and the bombardment during the First World War obliterated virtually all structures built during the period of Austrian Habsburg rule between and The only surviving are a few fortress gates with baroque-style portals, among which a special place is held by the Lower-Town gate named after the reigning Habsburg emperor, Charles VI.

A bomb that hit in its immediate vicinity left most of the south-west room VI on its side in ruins and the entire gate considerably shaken. The gate was a vaulted Two main, structurally independent, building phases have been identified.

The earlier phase involved building the vaulted passageway with two rooms I and II on the sides, aligned with the outer portal. The later phase involved adding, concurrently with the building of the inner curtain wall, four structurally connected rooms on the inner side of the gate.

From the earlier building phase, especially noteworthy are the carved limestone portals. In the age of baroque, when the symbolic marking of urban environments became an important architectural consideration, town and fortress gates assumed particular significance. In the case of Belgrade, this found its best expression in the gate honoring Charles VI. Symbolically a triumphal entrance to the occupied or, from the perspective of Christian Europe, liberated city, the gate epitomized the strength and triumph of the new ruling power, the emperor and his newly-acquired possession-the Kingdom of Serbia.

The outer of two gateway portals of equal architectural importance, the one through which the fortress was accessed, was meant as the triumphal arch honoring the army and its sovereign, with imperial cipher featured on the front. The dual nature of the gateway laid emphasis on the dual function of the city at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers as a military stronghold and a civilian settlement, an essential feature of its dramatic history swaying between war and peace.

The sense of measure in the design of the gate betrays an accomplished architect of refined sensibility. A sense of strength, as an effect of the dynamic balance of all architectural elements, was enhanced by the sculptures with the motif of knightly armor of glory symbolizing military triumph and the achieved peace.

In symbolical terms, the sculptures placed on the sides highlighted the central motif mounted on the top of the triumphal arch above the oval tympanum with the imperial monogram at the center - a cuirass with banners and, in front of it, cannon barrels and two war drums. Elements of French baroque classicism and some deeper stylistic features bring them closer to the German baroque of the period, which has led researchers to attribute the gate to the Wurzburg court architect Balthasar Neumann, one of the most prominent architects and engineers of the German baroque.

Such a bold attribution is not groundless, given the information about his stay in Belgrade in the early years of Austrian rule. Neumann had been attached to the army that seized Belgrade in He took a study trip to Italy, apparently returning to Belgrade the very next year, where he took part in drafting the first blueprints for a baroque-style reshaping of the city.

The complex structural design of the Well closely resembles the well in the fortress of Orvieto, which Neumann is known to have visited. Construction probably began in the early s but, given the two observed building phases, the question remains open as to how long the process took. At any rate, it appears reliable that the Gate was completed before Beograd: JP 'Beogradska tvrdjava'.

Uzelac, Z.

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Serbian heraldry

The use of heraldry in Serbia or by Serbs is used by government bodies, subdivisions of the national government , organizations, corporations and by families. Serbian heraldry belongs culturally to the Byzantine tradition. As in some other European heraldic traditions, the most prominent among the animals is the eagle. The most prominent symbols is the Serbian eagle and the Serbian cross. The double-headed eagle and the Serbian cross are the main heraldic symbols which represent the national identity of the Serbian people across the centuries. Serbian nobility in the Habsburg Monarchy and Austria-Hungary , upon receiving noble status, adopted coat of arms, often influenced by the Illyrian Armorials.

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Heraldika i Srbi

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