GALPERIN STYLISTICS PDF

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book.

Author:Zulkirg Douramar
Country:Botswana
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Video
Published (Last):1 May 2018
Pages:283
PDF File Size:17.72 Mb
ePub File Size:6.87 Mb
ISBN:216-9-43420-691-9
Downloads:55505
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Dugar



To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. DBE Galperin i r Stylistics. Abc Def. Introduction 1. General Notes on Style and Stylistics…………………………………………9 2. General Notes on Functional Styles of Language……………………………32 4.

Varieties of Language……………………………………………………….. Meaning from a Stylistic Point of View………………………….. Stylistic Classification of the English Vocabulary 1. General Considerations………………………………………………………70 2. Special Literary Vocabulary…………………………………………………76 a Terms…………………………………………………………………….. Special Colloquial Vocabulary…………………………………………….. Interaction of Different Types of Lexical Meaning…………………….. Interaction of Primary and Derivative Logical Meanings………….. Interaction of Logical and Emotive Meanings……………………….

Interaction of Logical and Nominal Meanings……………………… Antonomasia……………………………………………………………. Intensification of a Certain Feature of a Thing or Phenomenon………. Peculiar Use of Set Expressions………………………………………….. General Considerations………………………………………………… Compositional Patterns of Syntactical Arrangement………. Particular Use of Colloquial Constructions…………………………….. The Belles-Letters Style………………………………………………… Emotive Prose………………………………………………………… 3.

Language of the Drama……………………………………………….. Publicistic Style……………………………………………………………. Oratory and Speeches………………………………………………… 2. The Essay…………………………………………………………… Journalistic Articles………………………………………………… Newspaper Style written by V. Nayer ………………………………… 1. Brief News Items…………………………………………………… The Headlines………………………………………………………… 4.

The Editorial………………………………………………………….. Scientific Prose Style……………………………………………………… E. The Style of Official Documents………………………………. It has now been more or less definitely outlined.

It deals mainly with two interdependent tasks: a the investigation of the inventory of special language media which by their ontological features secure the desirable effect of the utterance and b certain types of texts discourse which due to the choice and arrangement of language means are distinguished by the pragmatic aspect of the communication.

The two objectives of stylistics are clearly discernible as two separate fields of investigation. The inventory of special language media can be analysed and their ontological features revealed if presented in a system in which the co-relation between the media becomes evident.

The types of texts can be analysed if their linguistic components are presented in their interaction, thus revealing the unbreakable unity and transparency of constructions of a" given type. The types of texts that are distinguished by the pragmatic aspect of the communication are called functional styles of language FS ; the special media of language which secure the desirable effect of the utterance are called stylistic devices SD and expressive The first field of investigation, i.

SDs and EMs, necessarily touches upon such general language problems as the aesthetic function of language, synonymous ways of rendering one and the same idea, emotional colouring in language, the interrelation between language and thought, the individual manner of an author in making use of language and a number of other issues. The second field, i. In dealing with the objectives of stylistics, certain pronouncements of adjacent disciplines such as theory of information, literature, psychology, logic and to some extent statistics must be touched upon.

This is indispensable; for nowadays no science is entirely isolated from other domains of human knowledge; and linguistics, particularly its branch stylistics, cannot avoid references to the above mentioned disciplines because it is confronted with certain overlapping issues.

The branching off of stylistics in language science was indirectly the result of a long- established tendency of grammarians to confine their investigations to sentences, clauses and word-combinations which are "well-formed", to use a dubious term, neglecting anything that did not fall under the recognized and received standards. This tendency became particularly strong in what is called descriptive linguistics. Everything that fails to meet this requirement should be excluded from linguistics.

But language studies cannot avoid subjecting to observation any language data whatever, so where grammar refuses to tread stylistics steps in. Stylistics has acquired its own status with its own inventory of tools SDs and EMs , with its own object of investigation and with its own methods of research. The stylistics of a highly developed language like English or Russian has brought into the science of language a separate body of media, thus widening the range of observation of phenomena in language.

The significance of this branch of linguistics can hardly be over-estimated. A number of events in the development of stylistics must be mentioned here as landmarks. Secondly, a conference on Style in Language was held at Indiana University in the spring of , followed by the publication of the proceedings of this conference under the editorship of Thomas Sebeok.

At this conference lines were drawn along which studies in linguo- stylistics might be maintained. An interesting symposium was also held in Italy, the proceedings of which were published under the editorship of professor S. Chatman in A great number of monographs, textbooks, articles, and dissertation papers are now at the disposal of a scholar in stylistics. The stream of information grows larger every month.

Two American journals appear regularly, which may keep the student informed as to trends in the theory of stylistics. They are Style issued at the Arkansas University U. See also the bibliography on p. It is in view of the ever-growing significance of the exploration of language potentialities that so much attention is paid in linguo-stylistics to the analysis of expressive means EMs and stylistic devices SDs , to their nature and functions, to their classification and to possible interpretations of additional meanings they may carry in a message as well as their aesthetic value.

In order to ascertain the borders of stylistics it is necessary to go at some length into the question of what is style. The word style is derived from the Latin word 'stilus' which meant a short stick sharp at one end and flat at the other used by the Romans for writing on wax tablets. Now the word 'style' is used in so many senses that it has become a breeding ground for ambiguity.

All these ideas directly or indirectly bear on issues in stylistics. Some of them become very useful by revealing the springs which make our utterances emphatic, effective and goal-directed. It will therefore not come amiss to quote certain interesting observations regarding style made by different writers from different angles.

Some of these observations are dressed up as epigrams or sententious maxims like the ones quoted above. Here are some more of them. Middleton Murry " Middleton Murry "Style is a contextually restricted linguistic variation. Bloomfield "Style is simply synonymous with form or expression and hence a superfluous term.

Thus Michael Riffaterre writes that "Stylistics will be a linguistics of the effects of the message, of the output of the act of communication, of its attention-compelling function"1. This point of view has clearly been reached under the influence of recent developments in the general theory of information.

Language, being one of the means of communication or, to be exact, the most important means of communication, is regarded in the above quotation from a pragmatic point of view.

Stylistics in that case is regarded as a language science which deals with the results of the act of communication. To a very considerable degree this is true. Stylistics must take into consideration the "output of the act of communication". But stylistics must also investigate the ontological, i. Archibald A. Hill states that "A current definition of style and stylistics is that structures, sequences, and patterns which extend, or may extend, beyond the boundaries of individual sentences define style, and that the study of them is stylistics.

The most frequent definition of style is one expressed by Seymour Chatman: "Style is a product of individual choices and patterns of choices emphasis added among 1 Riffaterre, M. Poetry and Stylistics. Somehow it fails to embrace such phenomena in text structure where the 'individual' is reduced to the minimum or even done away with entirely giving preference to non- individualistic forms in using language means. However, this definition is acceptable when applied to the ways men-of-letters use language when they seek to make it conform to their immediate aims and purport.

A somewhat broader view of style is expressed by Werner Winter who maintains that "A style may be said to be characterized by a pattern of recurrent selections from the inventory of optional features of a language.

Various types of selection can be found: complete exclusion of an optional element, obligatory inclusion of a feature optional elsewhere, varying degrees of inclusion of a specific variant without complete elimination of competing features. It places the whole problem on a solid foundation of objective criteria, namely, the interdependence of optional and obligatory features. There is no point in quoting other definitions of style.

They are too many and too heterogeneous to fall under one more or less satisfactory unified notion. Undoubtedly all these diversities in the understanding of the word 'style' stem from its ambiguity. But still all these various definitions leave an impression that by and large they all have something in common.

All of them point to some integral significance, namely, that style is a set of characteristics by which we distinguish one author from another or members of one subclass from members of other subclasses, all of which are members of the same general class.

DANZIGER UNDERSTANDING THE POLITICAL WORLD PDF

i.r.galperin stylistics 3rd 1981 full

Interjections and Exclamatory Words The Epithet The Cliche Proverbs and Sayings Decomposition of Set Phrases Supra-Phrasal Units The Paragraph

10 PHENANTHROLINE MOETIY PDF

English Stylistics

.

CONCEPTS OF FUNCTIONS AND CALCULUS BY VIKAS RAHI PDF

.

Related Articles