GADA SYSTEM OROMO PDF

All activities and life of each and every member of the Oromo was guided by an egalitarian socio- economic and political structure of the society called the Gada system. The Gada system is a class system that succeeds each other every eight years in assuming politico- military administration, economic management and other social activities. It was the central institution of the Oromo people that contains complex and extra-ordinary features. It was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions.

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Below is an article published by walta info :. The Committee furthermore reviewed seven programmes proposed for inclusion on the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices. It also inscribed five programmes out of the seven proposed for inclusion on the register of best safeguarding practices. The big news for Ethiopia is that the Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo, has been inscribed on the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

Ethiopia also inscribed the commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ in and the Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival off the Sidama people in Gada is a traditional system of governance used by the Oromo people in Ethiopia developed from knowledge gained by community experience over generations. It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture.

Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly. Each class progresses through a series of grades before it can function in authority with the leadership changing on a rotational basis every eight years.

The classes are taught by oral historians covering history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myths, rules of conduct, and the function of the Gada system. Meetings and ceremonies take place under a sycamore tree considered the Gada symbol while major clans have established Gada centres and ceremonial spaces according to territory.

Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school. Other principles of the system include balanced representation of all clans, lineages, regions and confederacies, accountability of leaders, the settlement of disputes through reconciliation, and the respect for basic rights and liberties. Sources indicate that the Gada system possesses some prominent unique features when compared to western democracies.

Reserches identified the distribution of power across age groups as one of these distinctive features. In explaining this identifying characteristic, the researches remarked that western democracies are very deficient in the distribution of power across generations and age groups. They went on to argue that those who assume the position control most of the authority and wealth of the country. Further the young, poor and the elders are politically and economically marginalized in western democracies.

Another one of the distinctive features pointed out is the testing period of elected leaders. The researches explain that the Gada system greatly believes in rigorous practical or actual testing of the candidates before they assume office unlike western democracy which in most cases exclusively relies on election.

The roles and rules attached to the age grade system are the most important elements that regulate the Gada system. When one passes from one grade to the other, his roles and responsibilities in the community also changes, in such a way, an individual or group of individuals whom are assuming the office will be critically tested in the system. We also should congratulate the group that led the effort of inscription for its successful bid to have Ethiopia recognized for its cultural heritages.

With numerous cultural heritages that need to be inscribed still left in the country, there is a more daunting task right in front of them as well. Its Members are indigenous peoples, minorities, unrecognised States and occupied territories that have joined together to defend their political, social and cultural rights, to preserve their environments and to promote their right to self-determination.

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Below is an article published by walta info :. The Committee furthermore reviewed seven programmes proposed for inclusion on the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices. It also inscribed five programmes out of the seven proposed for inclusion on the register of best safeguarding practices. The big news for Ethiopia is that the Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo, has been inscribed on the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity. Ethiopia also inscribed the commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ in and the Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival off the Sidama people in

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Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo

Gadaa older spelling: Gada ; literally: era is the indigenous democratic system of governance used by the Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya. The system regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community. The Oromo governed themselves in accordance with Gadaa system long before the 16th century, when major three party wars commenced between them and the Christian kingdom to their north and Islamic sultanates to their east and south. The result is that Oromo absorbs of the Christian and Islam religions. In 19th century, the Gadaa Center at Odaa Hullee was replaced by monarchy and at the end of the 19th century, Gadaa together with Oromo language was banned.

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Gada is a traditional system of governance used by the Oromo people in Ethiopia developed from knowledge gained by community experience over generations. It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture. Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly. Each class progresses through a series of grades before it can function in authority with the leadership changing on a rotational basis every eight years.

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Your browser is not supported by this application. Inscribed in Gada is a traditional system of governance used by the Oromo people in Ethiopia developed from knowledge gained by community experience over generations. It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture. Gada is organized into five classes with one of these functioning as the ruling class consisting of a chairperson, officials and an assembly. Each class progresses through a series of grades before it can function in authority with the leadership changing on a rotational basis every eight years. The classes are taught by oral historians covering history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myths, rules of conduct, and the function of the Gada system.

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