Made by: Amit Mahajan Roll B. Claytronics Vs Nanotechnology 4. Claytronics Hardware 5. Millimeter Scale Catoms 6. Software Research 7. An Internet in a Box 8.
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Made by: Amit Mahajan Roll B. Claytronics Vs Nanotechnology 4. Claytronics Hardware 5. Millimeter Scale Catoms 6. Software Research 7.
An Internet in a Box 8. Nodes 9. Seamless Ensemble The Research Program Programming Language for Claytronic Ensembles Shape Sculpting in Claytronics Localization Dynamic Simulation of Claytronic Ensembles Abstract "Claytronics" is an emerging field of engineering concerning reconfigurable Nanoscale robots 'claytronic atoms', or catoms designed to form much larger scale machines or mechanisms.
Also known as "programmable matter", the catoms will be sub-millimeter computers that will eventually have the ability to move around, communicate with each others, change color, and electrostatically connect to other catoms to form different shapes.
With Claytronics we are talking of intelligent material. How can a material be intelligent? By being made up of particle-sized machines. At Carnegie Mellon, with support from Intel, the project is called Claytronics. The idea is simple: make basic computers housed in tiny spheres that can connect to each other and rearrange themselves. Each particle, called a Claytronics atom or Catom, is less than a millimeter in diameter. With billions you could make almost any object you wanted.
Introduction This project combines modular robotics, systems nanotechnology and computer science to create the dynamic, 3-Dimensional display of electronic information known as Claytronics.
The main goal is to give tangible, interactive forms to information so that a user's senses will experience digital environments as though they are indistinguishable from reality.
Claytronics is taking place across a rapidly advancing frontier. This technology will help to drive breathtaking advances in the design and engineering of computing and hardware systems. Realizing the vision of Claytronics through the self-assembly of millions of catoms into synthetic reality will have a profound effect on the experience of users of electronic information.
Development of this powerful form of information display represents a partnership between the School of Computer Sciences of Carnegie Mellon University and Intel Corporation at its Pittsburgh Laboratory. As an integral part of our philosophy, the Claytronics Project seeks the contributions of scholars and researchers worldwide who are dedicating their efforts to the diverse scientific and engineering studies related to this rich field of nanotechnology and computer science. Videoconferencing is like visiting someone in prison.
You talk through a glass wall, but you can't deal with each other in a meaningful way. Claytronics experts are designing a kind of programmable clay that can morph into a working 3-D replica of any person or object, based on information transmitted from anywhere in the world. The clay would be made out of millions of tiny microprocessors called catoms for "claytronic atoms" , each less than a millimeter wide. The catoms would bond electro-statically and be molded into different shapes when instructed by software.
Think of Claytronics as a more workable version of nanotechnology, which in its most advanced form promises to do the same thing but requires billions of self-assembling robots. Processors are getting ever smaller, and at the submilli-meter level, they could communicate and move around independently, thanks to electrostatic forces. This makes the possibility of Claytronics even greater. Intel and Carnegie Mellon joined forces in to cosponsor a project with a team of 25 robotics researchers and computer scientists.
Their first breakthrough came when they developed software that can root out bugs in a system where millions of processors are working together. The researchers say they will have a hardware prototype of submillimeter electrostatic modules in five years and will be able to fax complex 3-D models --anything from engagement rings to sports cars -- by These are the fundamental building blocks for a new world of processing. Intel can see the potential. That potential could change the world. Who needs a TV when you can watch a live-scale replica of Super Bowl LXX being fought out by claytronic football players on your coffee table?
Why would a firefighter run into a burning building when he can send a claytronic version of himself? It's computing in 3-D in everyday life. Here's how. Electrostatic forces bind catoms together in laptop form. Some act as antennas, picking up Wi-Fi. The software tells each Catom where to go. Catoms are spherical and roll around one another. The catoms arrive in the shape of a cell phone. Antenna catoms are now picking up 3G signals. Claytronics Hardware Through hardware engineering projects, researchers in the Carnegie Mellon-Intel Claytronics Project investigate the effects of scale on micro-electro-mechanical systems and model concepts for manufacturable, Nanoscale modular robots capable of self-assembly.
Catoms created from this research to populate claytronic ensembles will be less than a millimeter in size, and the challenge in designing and manufacturing them draws the CMU- Intel Research team into a scale of engineering where have never been built. The team of research scientists, engineers, technicians and students who design these devices are testing concepts that cross the frontiers of computer science, modular robotics and systems nanotechnology.
The team of research scientists, engineers, technicians and graduate and undergraduate students assembled at Carnegie Mellon and in the Pittsburgh Intel Lab to design these devices is testing the performance of concepts beyond boundaries commonly believed to prevent the engineering of such a small scale, self-actuating module that combines in huge numbers to create cooperative patterns of work.
At the current stage of design, Claytronics hardware operates from macroscale designs with devices that are much larger than the tiny modular robots that set the goals of this engineering research. Such devices are designed to test concepts for sub-millimeter scale modules and to elucidate crucial effects of the physical and electrical forces that affect Nanoscale robots. Each section devoted to an individual hardware project provides an overview of the basic functionality of the device and its relationship to the study of Claytronics.
In addition, each project page is paired with a page of design notes that offer more detail on the steps in building the device. As these creative systems have evolved in the Carnegie Mellon-Intel Claytronics Hardware Lab, they have prepared the path for development of a millimeter scale module that will.
With the millimeter scale modular robot, the Claytronics Hardware Lab will demonstrate the feasibility of manufacturing catoms in the quantities needed to produce dynamic 3- dimensional representations of original objects. In this work, we propose millimeter-scale catoms that are electrostatically actuated and self contained.
As a simplified approach we are trying to build cylindrical catoms instead of spheres. The tubes are fabricated as double-layer planar structures in 2D using standard photolithography. The difference in thermal stress created in the layers during the fabrication processes causes the 2D structures to bend into a 3D tube upon release from the substrate.
The tubes have electrodes for power transfer and actuation on the perimeter. The high voltage CMOS die is fabricated separately and is manually wire bonded to the tube before release. The chip includes an AC-DC converter, a storage capacitor, a simple logic unit, and output buffers. The Catom moves on a power grid the stator that contains rails which carry high voltage AC signals. Through capacitive coupling, an AC signal is generated on the coupling electrodes of the tube, which is then converted to DC power by the chip.
The powered chip then generates voltage on the actuation electrodes sequentially, creating electric fields that push the tube forward. As a consequence, the research scientists and engineers of the Carnegie Mellon-Intel Claytronics Research Program have formulated a very broad-based and in-depth research program to develop a complete structure of software resources for the creation and operation of the densely distributed network of robotic nodes in a claytronic matrix. A notable characteristic of a claytronic matrix is its huge concentration of computational power within a small space.
For example, an ensemble of catoms with a physical volume of one cubic meter could contain 1 billion catoms. Computing in parallel, these tiny robots would provide unprecedented computing capacity within a space not much larger than a standard packing container. This arrangement of computing capacity creates a challenging new programming environment for authors of software.
An Internet in a Box — Only Generally Speaking Comparison with the Internet, however, does not represent much of the novel complexity of a claytronic ensemble. For example, a matrix of catoms will not have wires and unique addresses -- which in cyberspace provide fixed paths on which data travels between computers. Without wires to tether them, the atomized nodes of a claytronic matrix will operate in a state of constant flux.
The consequences of computing in a network without wires and addresses for individual nodes are significant and largely unfamiliar to the current operations of network technology. The architecture of this programming realm requires not only instructions that move packets of data through unstable channels. Matrix software must also actuate the constant change in the physical locations of the anonymous nodes while they are transferring the data through the network.
Yet, given the vast number of nodes, the matrix cannot dedicate its global resources to the micro-management of each Catom. Thus, every Catom must achieve a state of self- actuation in cooperation with its immediate neighbors, and that modality of local cooperation must radiate through the matrix.
Software language for the matrix must convey concise statements of high-level commands in order to be universally distributed. For this purpose, it must possess an economy of syntax that is uncommon among software languages. In place of detailed commands for individual nodes, it must state the conditions toward which the nodes will direct their motion in local groups.
In this way, catoms will organize collective actions that gravitate toward the higher-level goals of the ensemble. Seamless Ensemble: Form and Functionality By providing a design to focus constructive rearrangements of individual nodes, software for the matrix will motivate local cooperation among groups of catoms. This protocol reflects a seamless union between form and functionality in the actuation of catoms. In a hexagonal stacking arrangement, for example, rows of catoms in one layer rest within the slight concavities of Catom layers above and below them.
That placement gives each Catom direct communication with as many as 12 other catoms. Such dynamic groupings provide the stage upon which to program Catom motion within local areas of the matrix. Such collective actuation will transform the claytronic matrix into the realistic representations of original objects.
The Research Program In the Carnegie Mellon-Intel Claytronics Software Lab, researchers address several areas of software development, which are described in this section.
These new languages for declarative programming provide compact linguistic structures for cooperative management of the motion of millions of modules in a matrix.
The center panel above shows a simulation of Meld in which modules in the matrix have been instructed with a very few lines of highly condensed code to swarm toward a target.
Embed Size px x x x x It is a Technical seminar power point presentation on claytronics, an Abstract concept of 3-dimensional robots. Claytronics is made up of individual components, called catoms or Claytronic atoms that can move in three dimensions. How do they work? Catom is basically a nano-robot, using a computer for operating the Catom, sensors for communication and magnetic relays for its movement.
Claytronics: Programmable Matter | Seminar Report | PPT
Share to Facebook Share to Twitter. Claytronics is a futurist idea that primarily brings along the simplest contributions of applied science and nanoscale artificial intelligence to fashion particularised nanometer-scale computers normally stated as claytronic atoms. The shapes made up of catoms could mutate into nearly any object, even replicas of human beings for virtual meetings. The design for the Claytronics model is extremely on scalable modular robotics developed as part of the Claytronics Project.
This report introduces a new and yet to be properly explored branch of technology, The Programmable Matter. It is a method which brings the dream of synthetic reality closer to reality. The system, which follows the principles of a programmable matter, is Claytronics. Claytronics substantiate the ambition promised by phenomena of programmable matter.