AZTEC THOUGHT AND CULTURE BY MIGUEL LEON-PORTILLA PDF

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For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in , there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest.

Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents.

They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art.

This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader. He holds B. Jack Emory Davis, associate professor of Romance languages at the University of Arizona, prepared the original translation. He holds M. Philo o h an ulture in Ancient Mexic. The Pre Iolunibian Concept of the Uniyerse. Creator of a Way of Life. Preface to the Paperback Edition.

A en ixI.

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Aztec Thought and Culture

Title: Aztec thought and culture: a study of the ancient Nahuatl mind. Computer File. Aztecs NU Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source attempts to reconstruct Aztec thought—cosmology, metaphysics, theology, history, art, human nature, and the acquisition of knowledge—as revealed in Nahuatl texts. There is particular reliance on the accounts given by informants belonging to the last generation schooled in the concepts prior to the Conquest. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from Spanish.

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León Portilla, Miguel. Aztec thought and culture: a study of the ancient Nahuatl mind

For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in , there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions.

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Aztec Thought and Culture: A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind

These scholars have reconstructed the Nahuatl Weltanschauung from direct sources, but with different points of view. Alfonso Caso, in particular, has recreated the essence of the Aztec concept of the universe, demonstrating that the various cosmic beliefs of the Nahuas revolved around the great solar myth which enthroned the Aztecs specifically as "the people of the Sun. If the Nahuatl wise men had done nothing more than create and preserve a rich mythology, their thought could not be discussed as philosophy. For although myths and beliefs constitute the primary attempts to solve the mysteries of the universe, true philosophic development requires conscious and formal inquiry. To establish a universally acceptable definition of philosophy would be a formidable task. Genuine philosophizing arises from the explicit perception that problems are innately involved in the essence of things.

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