This checklist is intended for technical assistance purposes only. Individuals who use this checklist should be aware that the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation, not the U. Use of this checklist does not constitute a determination of your legal rights or responsibilities under the ADA, and it is not binding on the Department of Justice, Department of Transportation, or the Access Board. Use of this checklist is voluntary. Page 1.
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Paragraphs marked with an asterisk have related, nonmandatory material in the Appendix. In the Appendix, the corresponding paragraph numbers are preceded by an A. The specifications in these guidelines are based upon adult dimensions and anthropometrics. These guidelines also contain alternate specifications based on children's dimensions and anthropometrics for drinking fountains, water closets, toilet stalls, lavatories, sinks, and fixed or built-in seating and tables.
Departures from particular technical and scoping requirements of this guideline by the use of other designs and technologies are permitted where the alternative designs and technologies used will provide substantially equivalent or greater access to and usability of the facility.
Appendix Note. The publications listed in 2. The Director of the Federal Register has approved these materials for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5U. The specific edition of the publications listed below are referenced in this document. Where differences occur between this document and the referenced publications, this document applies. Graphic conventions are shown in Table 1.
Dimensions that are not marked minimum or maximum are absolute, unless otherwise indicated in the text or captions. All dimensions are subject to conventional building industry tolerances for field conditions. The text of these guidelines does not contain notes or footnotes. Additional information, explanations, and advisory materials are located in the Appendix. Denotes a specification that applies only when the conditions described are present.
All areas of newly designed or newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities shall comply with section 4, unless otherwise provided in this section or as modified in a special application section. Special application sections provide additional requirements based on building use. When a building or facility contains more than one use covered by a special application section, each portion shall comply with the requirements for that use.
Areas that are used only as work areas shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the areas. These guidelines do not require that any areas used only as work areas be constructed to permit maneuvering within the work area or be constructed or equipped i.
These guidelines cover temporary buildings or facilities as well as permanent facilities. Temporary buildings and facilities are not of permanent construction but are extensively used or are essential for public use for a period of time. Examples of temporary buildings or facilities covered by these guidelines include, but are not limited to: reviewing stands, temporary classrooms, bleacher areas, exhibit areas, temporary banking facilities, temporary health screening services, or temporary safe pedestrian passageways around a construction site.
Structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction, such as scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, or construction trailers are not included. Full compliance will be considered structurally impracticable only in those rare circumstances when the unique characteristics of terrain prevent the incorporation of accessibility features.
If full compliance with the requirements of these guidelines is structurally impracticable, a person or entity shall comply with the requirements to the extent it is not structurally impracticable. Any portion of the building or facility which can be made accessible shall comply to the extent that it is not structurally impracticable. An accessible site shall meet the following minimum requirements:.
Advisory Note. Spaces required by the table need not be provided in the particular lot. They may be provided in a different location if equivalent or greater accessibility, in terms of distance from an accessible entrance, cost and convenience is ensured. Except as provided in b , access aisles adjacent to accessible spaces shall be 60 in mm wide minimum. Paragraphs 5 a , 5 b , and 5 d of this section do not apply to valet parking facilities.
Signs which designate permanent rooms and spaces shall comply with 4. Other signs which provide direction to, or information about, functional spaces of the building shall comply with 4. Elements and spaces of accessible facilities which shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility and which shall comply with 4.
Accessible buildings and facilities shall meet the following minimum requirements:. An accessible route complying with 4. If more than one elevator is provided, each passenger elevator shall comply with 4. Examples may include, but are not limited to, drawbridge towers and boat traffic towers, lock and dam control stations, and train dispatching towers.
The elevator exemptions set forth in paragraphs a and b do not obviate or limit in any way the obligation to comply with the other accessibility requirements established in section 4.
For example, floors above or below the accessible ground floor must meet the requirements of this section except for elevator service. If toilet or bathing facilities are provided on a level not served by an elevator, then toilet or bathing facilities must be provided on the accessible ground floor.
In new construction, if a building or facility is eligible for exemption but a passenger elevator is nonetheless planned, that elevator shall meet the requirements of 4.
A passenger elevator that provides service from a garage to only one level of a building or facility is not required to serve other levels. At least one must be a ground floor entrance. Public entrances are any entrances that are not loading or service entrances. This paragraph does not require an increase in the total number of public entrances planned for a facility. One entrance may be considered as meeting more than one of the requirements in a.
Where feasible, accessible public entrances shall be the entrances used by the majority of people visiting or working in the building. Because entrances also serve as emergency exits whose proximity to all parts of buildings and facilities is essential, it is preferable that all entrances be accessible.
This can be accommodated by the use of a "hi-lo" fountain; by providing one fountain accessible to those who use wheelchairs and one fountain at a standard height convenient for those who have difficulty bending; by providing a fountain accessible under 4. Other toilet rooms provided for the use of occupants of specific spaces i. If bathing rooms are provided, then each public and common use bathroom shall comply with 4. Accessible toilet rooms and bathing facilities shall be on an accessible route.
Additional storage may be provided outside of the dimensions required by 4. Requirements for accessible reach range do not apply. Sleeping accommodations required to comply with 9. Emergency warning systems in medical care facilities may be modified to suit standard health care alarm design practice. Unless otherwise specified, accessible telephones may be either forward or side reach telephones. In addition, 25 percent, but never less than one, of all other public telephones provided shall be equipped with a volume control and shall be dispersed among all types of public telephones, including closed circuit telephones, throughout the building or facility.
Signage complying with applicable provisions of 4. If an interior public pay telephone is provided in a public use area in a building of a public facility, at least one interior public text telephone TTY shall be provided in the building in a public use area. In stadiums, arenas and convention centers which are public facilities, at least one public text telephone TTY shall be provided on each floor level having at least one interior public pay telephone. Secured areas are those areas used only by detainees or inmates and security personnel.
An accessible route shall lead to and through such fixed or built-in seating areas, or tables. In addition, one percent, but not less than one, of all fixed seats shall be aisle seats with no armrests on the aisle side, or removable or folding armrests on the aisle side.
Each such seat shall be identified by a sign or marker. Signage notifying patrons of the availability of such seats shall be posted at the ticket office. Aisle seats are not required to comply with 4. Such assembly areas, if 1 they accommodate at least 50 persons, or if they have audio-amplification systems, and 2 they have fixed seating, shall have a permanently installed assistive listening system complying with 4. For other assembly areas, a permanently installed assistive listening system, or an adequate number of electrical outlets or other supplementary wiring necessary to support a portable assistive listening system shall be provided.
The minimum number of receivers to be provided shall be equal to 4 percent of the total number of seats, but in no case less than two. Wheelchair spaces shall comply with 4. EXCEPTION 1: Wheelchair spaces in team or player seating areas shall not be required to provide a choice of admission price or lines of sight comparable to those for members of the general public.
EXCEPTION: Where dressing, fitting, or locker rooms are provided in a cluster, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of the rooms for each type of use in each cluster shall comply with 4.
EXCEPTION: Where saunas or steam rooms are provided in a cluster, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of the rooms for each type of use in each cluster shall comply with 4. Each addition to an existing building or facility shall be regarded as an alteration.
Each space or element added to the existing building or facility shall comply with the applicable provisions of 4. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of an area containing a primary function shall comply with 4. Alterations to existing buildings and facilities shall comply with the following:. If the applicable provision for new construction requires that an element, space, or common area be on an accessible route, the altered element, space, or common area is not required to be on an accessible route except as provided in 4.
For example, if the elevators and stairs in a building are being altered and the elevators are, in turn, being made accessible, then no accessibility modifications are required to the stairs connecting levels connected by the elevator. If stair modifications to correct unsafe conditions are required by other codes, the modifications shall be done in compliance with these guidelines unless technically infeasible.
If a particular entrance is not made accessible, appropriate accessible signage indicating the location of the nearest accessible entrance s shall be installed at or near the inaccessible entrance, such that a person with disabilities will not be required to retrace the approach route from the inaccessible entrance. Any elements or features of the building or facility that are being altered and can be made accessible shall be made accessible within the scope of the alteration.
Technically Infeasible. Means, with respect to an alteration of a building or a facility, that it has little likelihood of being accomplished because existing structural conditions would require removing or altering a load-bearing member which is an essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces, or features which are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements for new construction and which are necessary to provide accessibility.
For example, alterations to floors above or below the ground floor must be accessible regardless of whether the altered facility has an elevator. If a facility subject to the elevator exemption set forth in paragraph i nonetheless has a passenger elevator, that elevator shall meet, to the maximum extent feasible, the accessibility requirements of these guidelines. A slope steeper than is not allowed. For example, an elevator of 47 in by 69 in mm by mm with a door opening on the narrow dimension, could accommodate the standard wheelchair clearances shown in Figure 4.
Each unisex toilet room shall contain one water closet complying with 4. Each accessible seating area shall have provisions for companion seating and shall be located on an accessible route that also serves as a means of emergency egress.
The use of lifts is not limited to the conditions in exception 4 of 4.
United States Access Board