Some information about our school locality village translation by Judyta Psiuk. In the school had celebrated the 60th anniversary of its existence. This year the school bell had rung for the 60th time. For so many years the school fulfills its educational and didactic role.
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The capital of Nidzica County , it had a population in of 13, The settlement was originally founded by Old Prussians who established a small fortified fort  and were subsequently invaded by Teutonic Knights in , who then erected a small castle around  and implemented German Town Law in the settlement after After the victorious Battle of Grunwald the town remained in Polish hands for three months. It then became part of the Duchy of Prussia , also a vassal state of Poland, after the secularization of the Order's Prussian territories in After , Neidenburg was capital of the county, whose first administrator was Piotr Kobierzycki, a local Polish nobleman.
The city suffered from fires in , , and Neidenburg became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in Half of Neidenburg's inhabitants died from plague from In the town was under Russian control. During the January Uprising local population was involved in smuggling and trading weapons to Polish fighters in Russian Empire . In the town's Lutheran parish had 4, people, of which 3, were Poles.
In the town's Lutheran parish had members including rural areas from which were Poles; the number decreased in to as Germanization in the area progressed. At the beginning of World War I in , Neidenburg was heavily damaged by invading Imperial Russian troops; residential and agricultural houses, 8 public and 58 business buildings were destroyed by artillery fire on 22 August The town was reconquered and rebuilt by the Germans after the Battle of Tannenberg later in August The reconstruction was originally based on plans by Bodo Ebhardt , however, his neo-gothic style was not carried out; instead, a neoclassicist style was preferred.
The votes were 3, for remaining in Prussia and 17 for joining Poland. During the Kristallnacht riots in November , the synagogue was destroyed and two Jewish inhabitants, Julius Naftali and Minna Zack, were killed by Nazi SA members, while several others were injured. During the war, in October , the city was bombed by the Soviets. Neidenburg was the seat of a district in East Prussia until ; in that year the Red Army entered and occupied the town while pursuing the retreating Wehrmacht.
While many, if not most, German civilians had fled the area, many of those who remained experienced atrocities at the hands of Soviet soldiers, who found themselves on German soil for the first time.
Lev Kopelev , a Soviet officer and later dissident , described how he was appalled by the acts of murder and looting against those who remained. Rather than being renamed to the traditional Polish name Nibork, the town received a new name, Nidzica. The town was significantly damaged during the war. Nidzica is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Place in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland. Nidzica Castle. Coat of arms. Historic sights of Nidzica examples.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland. Polska w liczbach in Polish. Retrieved Nasza Gazeta Nidzicka in Polish. Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 27 November Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. Juli in German. No Jail For Thought. Gmina Nidzica. Nidzica County. Categories : establishments in Europe 14th-century establishments in Poland Cities and towns in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship Holocaust locations in Poland Nidzica County Populated places established in the s.