ISSN Genetic engineering has brought possibilities before unimaginable, in which not long ago was only seen in movies. Of gene therapy, aiming at a correction or cure a disease, pass the possibility of genetic improvement, currently glimpsed in the sports world with gene doping. But, gene doping would not be violating the right to genetic patrimony unmodified? Though the genetic intervention is not transmitted on to offspring, there would be a genetic enhancement, which would affect the genome of the athlete and differentiate from other athletes and other individuals, injuring the principle of equality to the detriment of private autonomy, It may be to speak initially a relationship of domination, although it is because of physical performance in sports.
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VV: Beyond therapy. Washington, D. Perspectives and Risks, Biology and Sport, vol. Culbertson, L.
GENE DOPING IN SPORT – PERSPECTIVES AND RISKS
In the past few years considerable progress regarding the knowledge of the human genome map has been achieved. In vitro studies improve the production of human recombinant proteins, such as insulin INS , growth hormone GH , insulin-like growth factor-1 IGF-1 and erythropoietin EPO , which could have therapeutic application. Unfortunately, genetic methods developed for therapeutic purposes are increasingly being used in competitive sports. Some new substances e. The use of these substances may cause an increase of body weight and muscle mass and a significant improvement of muscle strength.