After her split up with The Sugarcubes, Bj. The Tour lasted two years, from 1. The following year, she performed on the worldwide Post Tour which was extensively long and critically lauded. The tour visited different festivals and arenas throughout Europe, North America, Oceania and Asia and featured the first performance in South America. In November 1. Homogenic she embarked on the Homogenic Tour after promoting the album with a short promotional tour earlier during the same year.
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Billed as the first "app album", Biophilia is a multimedia project released alongside a series of apps linking the album's themes to musicology concepts. It was followed by a series of educational workshops in four continents.
Four singles were issued before the album's release in It was followed by the singles " Cosmogony ", " Virus " and " Moon ". Biophilia received critical acclaim and was named one of the best albums of by several publications; it was nominated for two awards at the 55th Grammy Awards in , winning Best Recording Package. It debuted in the top 40 of every chart it entered worldwide, topping the Taiwan chart and peaking in the top 5 in Iceland, France and Denmark.
Biophilia was followed by two remix series in and , collected in the remix album Bastards , and music videos for the songs "Moon", "Crystalline", "Hollow" and " Mutual Core ". In collaboration with Audur Capital , she set up a venture capital fund to support sustainable industries in Iceland. In September , the renewable power company Magma Energy acquired The demo track was confirmed to be a part of the upcoming Biophilia project.
Biophilia was stated to encompass music, apps, internet, installations and live shows. Biophilia was partly composed on an Apple iPad. After the bridge, the song features a gameleste solo, and ends with an uproarious breakcore section which uses the Amen break. New musical instruments were specially developed for the album, and specially for the shows at the Manchester International Festival that took place in mid to introduce the album.
The Tesla coil was used as a musical instrument on the song "Thunderbolt". A "gameleste", a mixture between a gamelan and a celesta which was programmed in order to be played remotely by a tablet computer, was also used in "Crystalline" and "Virus".
A group of pendulums were put together, creating patterns with their moves, transmitting the movements of the Earth to the sound of a harp , making the song "Solstice". For example; the song " Moon " has different musical cycles that repeat throughout the song;  the song "Thunderbolt" contains arpeggios , inspired by the time between when lightning is seen and thunder is heard;  and in "Solstice", the counterpoint makes reference to the movement of planets and the Earth's rotation , and the pendulums used on the song make tribute to the Foucault pendulum.
The lyrics also present metaphors to those phenomena. So suddenly you're this kinda tunnel, or trunk of DNA… All these ghosts come up so it ended up being a Halloween song and quite gothic in a way… It's like being part of this everlasting necklace when you're just a bead on a chain and you sort of want to belong and be a part of it and it's just like a miracle.
For example, "Solstice" features 7 4 and 6 4 time signatures;  "Hollow", "Crystalline" and "Moon", all feature a 17 8 time signature; "Mutual Core", 5 4 time signature and "Virus", 3 4 time signature. In addition, "Dark Matter" is in free-time, it lacks a regular pulse. When the first details about Biophilia emerged, the album was expected to be released around the beginning of the residency at the Manchester International Festival in June.
Pre-order for the album started on 19 July The first, the deluxe edition, available in digipak format in its physical form, would contain three additional tracks. One of those images, which was accompanied by the comment " On 1 September , she announced a postponement of the album's release date, pushing it back two weeks after the former date. The Biophilia app consists of a series of 10 separate apps, one for each song, all included in a "mother app" which contains a menu made up by a three-dimensional constellation which the user can shift, zoom and orbit by swiping their fingers to open the apps.
On the up left corner, the "musical compass" icon serves as a home button to return to the menu. The first option in the apps is to play the app, the second is the score , in which the user can look at the composition of the song, use it as a karaoke machine as the score has no vocals in it, or turn off the music and use it as sheet music.
The "mother app", " Cosmogony ", is the constellation that includes all the other applications, and thus contains no particular game or instrument to play. Tapping in an empty space of the constellation would also make the user return to the main screen.
The apps are roughly divided into two kinds: the ones in which the user play a sort of games, and the other ones that work like a musical instrument. Almost every song on the app is presented in early, work-in-progress versions. While "Sacrifice" is missing beats and is performed at a slightly lower speed, the most interesting early version of a Biophilia track is "Solstice"; the album version was recorded live during her Manchester residency but the app originally contained a demo version performed in studio.
In addition to these work-in-progress versions, several of the games feature the songs with sections of music missing, to be played and manipulated by the player "Thunderbolt" for example has the player drag their fingers across the screen to play the Tesla coil baseline. The application called " Moon " works as a music sequencer , using a string of little pearls linked to a central spine topped by a moon ,   the user can decide whether to play the original version of the song or to modify it by rotating the pearls to adjust the notes.
Rotating the moon would instead modify the number of notes that are played in the sequence. The user can then decide to save the composition, to load one already saved beforehand, to reset the song or to play the original version.
The other apps work like more conventional video games. It was firstly released on 19 July , when the "Cosmogony" and "Crystalline" apps were released. The application was originally made available only on Apple iOS devices. Most notably, she explained the concept behind the project during interviews with Stereogum ,  Drowned in Sound ,  Pitchfork  and Rolling Stone.
The second single-app released was " Cosmogony " on 19 July. Even though it wasn't released as a single, a live performance of "Thunderbolt" from the Manchester International Festival was released as a music video on YouTube on 2 November The third and fourth parts, containing remixes of the two tracks by British electronic musician and producer Matthew Herbert , were released on 2 August On 6 March , One Little Indian announced the upcoming release of another eight-part series of remixes.
Biophilia received positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic , which assigns a normalised rating out of to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 79, based on 37 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Kyle Andersen of Entertainment Weekly stated that Biophilia is "an ingenious marriage of faerie and machine.
But [her] greatest strength remains the glistening natural resource flowing from her throat". Phares eventually gave the album 4 out of 5 stars, also citing its "blend of education and emotion. Biophilia debuted at number twenty-seven on the US Billboard on the issue dated 29 October with first-week sales of 15, copies.
In Japan, the album debuted at number eighteen with first-week sales of 6, copies. On 11 June , the Museum of Modern Art located in New York announced that the Biophilia app became the first downloadable app in the museum permanent collection. The multidimensional nature of her art—in which sound and music are the spine, but never the confines, for multimedia performances that also encompass graphic and digital design, art, cinema, science, illustration, philosophy, fashion, and more—is a testament to her curiosity and desire to learn and team up with diverse experts and creators.
It was just a matter of time before she would invade and conquer the territory of design. Credits adapted from Biophilia album liner notes and bjork. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. On another level, at the end of the last project I lost my voice, [I] had a vocal nodule, [ And then, all these situation were happening in Iceland, the Bank crash, so I got really involved in environmental stuff [there]. So, on so many different levels, there was this message that all the old systems don't work anymore, you gotta clear your table and start from scratch.
A second audio sample of the album's lead single, "Crystalline". Wellhart Ltd. The Independent. Retrieved 1 July The Fader. One Little Indian. Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 29 March Retrieved 29 July Retrieved 15 July The Guardian. Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 3 November Huffington Post. Dazed Digital. Retrieved 8 April Computerworld Inc. Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 30 July Rolling Stone.
Rolling Stone; Jann S. Pitchfork Media Inc. Retrieved 28 July Consequence of Sound. Spin Music, a division of SpinMedia. Media Lab Limited. Loudwire Network. Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 5 March The Creators Project. Vice Media Inc. Archived from the original on 6 October Complex Media Inc. National Post. National Post, a division of Postmedia Network Inc.
Björk: Digital Booklet - Biophilia (Deluxe Edition)
Bjork Biophilia Digital Booklet Pdf