When Rama was exhausted in battle field standing with greater sorrow and deep thought to fight against Ravana who was duly prepared for the battle, Agastya observed that. Sage Agastya approached Rama and spoke as follows: dear Rama there is a solution for your worry which is a perennial secret, by reciting it you would be victorious in this war. This is the holy hymn Aditya Hrudayam which destroys all enemies and brings you victory and permanent happiness by chanting it always. This supreme prayer of Sun God always gives happiness, destroys all sins, worries and increase the longevity of life. Worship the Sun God, the ruler of the worlds and lord of the universe, who is worshipped by devas and asuras and who is worshipped by every one of the universe. He has within him all the devas and He is the brightest among the bright, He is self-luminous and sustains all worlds of Devas and Asuras with his rays.
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In our culture it is often found that the forces of nature themselves as deities are worshipped like the wind, the water, the earth, the fire and so on.
One among these deities is Surya , the presiding deity of our Sun, also known as Aditya due to his being the son of Aditi , who is worshipped as the sustainer of life on earth.
Our culture has given prime importance to worship of the Sun through the practice of Sandhyavandana , the ritual to be performed by all Dvijas wearers of the sacred thread, lit.
Another important hymn to the Sun-God is the Aditya Hrudayam , the subject of this article. This is a Stotram , or a sacred hymn, dedicated to Lord Aditya. During the final between Rama and Ravana in Ramayana. Rama has used all kinds of weapons and missiles against Ravana, but in vain. The overlord of the Rakshasas seems invincible. Rama, currently a normal human being and not the all-powerful Lord Vishnu , is tormented by fatigue, both mentally and physically.
He glances at his enemy, who is ready for battle, and worry crosses his brow. At this juncture, as the gods look on from the sky, the sage Agastya appears in front of Rama and, with the aim of rejuvenating Rama and hastening the outcome of the battle, teaches this prayer to Lord Surya, and disappears soon afterward. Rama receives the prayer from Agastya, and becomes energized upon reciting it. He lifts his bow and prepares for the final confrontation. Thus, the poet of the Ramayana, with his impeccable style, ends the chapter where the Aditya Hridayam is contained, to proceed afresh with the deciding battle of the tale.
As mentioned earlier, this is a work of 31 slokas, out of which the first 30 are set in the popular syllabled meter, the Anushtup Chandas. The text has a unique flow, with a distinctive structure, where the slokas are structured as follows:. What makes this structure unique is the presence of the glories of the deity and the Phalasruti both before as well as after the core portion of the text — a characteristic that is seldom seen in any other hymn.
As pointed out earlier, the Aditya Hrudayam lists out its benefits twice — once before and once after the prayer. Upon chanting this hymn thrice unto Lord Aditya with complete devotion, you shall attain victory.
You shall defeat Ravana the very next instant, Oh Rama! This implies the efficacy of chanting of this hymn and the confidence it instills in the mind of the devotee, something which manifests almost instantaneously in Rama. Regular recitation of it is sure to grant sound health, longevity, dispelling of miseries and peace of mind, as indicated by Rishi Agastya in the Phalashruti. From the glories of Surya described in the Stotram, we can understand how our culture worships the Sun as the prime cause of sustenance of life on earth.
We understand how all natural phenomena are ascribed to be an act of Lord Aditya. This is seen in the initial part of the hymn where Agastya identifies Lord Surya with majority of the other devas, with the opposite forces being paired together — such as Yama Death and Soma Rejuvenation , Pitrs the dead and Vasus the forces of nature , Vayu wind and Vahni fire and so on. The seasons are said to be caused by him, as are cold and heat, day and night, rain and shine, etc.
A detailed reading of the Stotram by the reader may reveal even more insightful information. This stotram contains a beautiful praise of Lord Surya, describing him as the cause of the creation, sustenance and eventual dissolution of this earth. Rishi Agastya devotes 13 slokas out of 31 to the praise of Surya out of which 3 slokas occur after the recitation of the actual hymn. Lord Surya is primarily described as the Overlord of the World, who nourishes and protects the world through his various duties.
He is described as the Glorious One with infinite rays, who is worshipped by all, including the eternal enemies, the devas gods and the asuras the enemies of the gods. He is the embodiment of all divinities Sarva Devatmakah such as Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Skanda, the eight guardians of the world, and so on.
Such praise of Surya is a reflection of the Vedic maxim:. He is the Lord of the Skies, the creator of the Seasons, who dispels darkness and causes cold and heat one after the other referring to the change in seasons being due to the shift of the earth towards and away from the Sun. He causes heavy rains and is the friend of the waters a poetic way of describing the rain cycle , and is the source of all that is in this world.
He has the skies as his pathway and he is always on the move referring to the revolution of the Sun around the Galactic center. Lord Surya destroys all that is created, and recreates all that is destroyed a reference to how everything in a star system arises from and dissolves into the same nebula.
He provides heat and rains successively and is the form of all activities in this world and their fruits. This holy hymn dedicated to the Sun-God will result in destroying all enemies and bring you victory and permanent happiness. It is a guarantee of complete prosperity. He is self-luminous andsustains all with his rays.
He is the all-pervading, shining principle, the dispeller of darkness, exhibiting beautiful sight with the golden hue. He is the Omnipresent One who pervades all with immeasurable amount of rays. He swiftly courses in the direction South of Vindhya-mountains and sports in the Brahma Nadi. He is a giver of heat, the cause of all work, of life and death.
He is the destroyer of all and is the omniscient one sustaining the universe and all action. Salutations to Aditya who appears in twelve forms in the shape of twelve months of the year and whose glory is described in his twelve names. Salutations to the Lord of the stellar bodies and to the Lord of daylight.
Lord of thousand rays, son of Aditi, Salutations to you, the bestower of victory, auspiciousness, and prosperity, Salutations to the one who has colored horses to carry him. Salutations to the one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom also the awakener of the lotus in the heart.
Salutations also to the annihilator of the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies, who is the first amongst all the lights of the Universe.
Salutations to Vishvakarma the architect of the universe, the cause of all activity and creation in the world. He alone creates, sustains and destroys all that has come into being.
Salutations to him who by his rays consumes the waters, heats them up and sends them down as rain again. Verily he is the Agnihotra, the sacrificial fire and the fruit gained by the worshipper of the Agnihotra. He is the Lord of all action in this universe and decides the Universal path.
Oh Raghava, scion of the Raghu dynasty, any person, singing the glories of Surya in great difficulties, during affliction, while lost in the wilderness, and when beset with fear, will not come to grief or lose heart. After blessing Lord Rama thus, and predicting that He would slay the demon Ravana, sage Agastya took leave and returned to his original place. His clouds of worry thus dispelled, the lustrous Lord Rama obeyed the sayings of sage Agastya with great happiness.
With composed mind, he retained this hymn in his memory, ready to chant the Aditya-Hridayam. He looked at the sun, with happiness, and chanting the hymn thrice, lifted his bow. Then, Lord Surya, positioned in the middle of the group of gods in the sky, looked delightedly at Rama. Thus Valmiki concludes the chapter, in such a way that the prayer is complete by itself due to the predetermined outcome of the battle being confirmed in the conclusion , and yet the reader has the pleasure and thrill of reading the sequence of the climactic battle afresh in the next chapter.
It is in this gripping scenario that the whole of our hymn is recited. The Stotram and its structure. The text has a unique flow, with a distinctive structure, where the slokas are structured as follows: The Introduction to the scenario — verses The listing of the benefits of recitation of the hymn — verses The various attributes and activities of Lord Aditya — verses The Aditya Hrudayam — The core of the whole prayer — verses The glories of Aditya — verses The Phalashruti — the benefits of recitation of the prayer — verses The Conclusion — verses Benefits of recitation.
The correct pronunciation by Dr. Scientific gleamings from the Stotram. Other glories of Lord Surya. A similar praise can be found in the Bhagavata Purana, Stotram in Sanskrit with translation.
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Swikruti November 13, at pm Is it ok to recite aditya hrudayam if your reciting shiv tandav strotam by ravan…. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
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Aditya Hridayam - In sanskrit with meaning
This text is prepared by volunteers and is to be used for personal study and research. The file is not to be copied or reposted for promotion of any website or individuals or for commercial purpose without permission. Please help to maintain respect for volunteer spirit. Aditya hridyam is a hymn to the Sun god and forms part of the canto of the Valmiki ramayana.
Aditya Hrudayam Stotram Meaning Explained
Aditya Hridayam Stotram