None of this material may be reproduced, apart from purely personal use, without the express permission of the Webmaster Web pages designed by Mike Magee. The U. Main Site at www. The five-foldness prapancha of the universe, according to this tantrik view, is shown in the table above. The three members of the tantrik "trinity", Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva-Rudra, represent the gunas, or qualities of rajas, sattva and tamas, which may be represented by the principles of active, reconciling and negative.
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Tattvas are parts or principles or aspects of nature. Their presence or absence, combination and permutation play an important role in the creation of the diversity of worlds, their objects and beings, individual bodies, limbs and organs. In short their aggregation and segregation constitute the building blocks of the whole material manifestation. One of the most popular expressions found in the Upanishads is "Tattvamsi" which means "Thou art That", which is used in many schools of yoga as a meditative mantra.
Tat means "that" tvam means "you" or "the individual". Thus tattvam means that which is both transcendental and immanent, or macrocosm and microcosm, or Godhead and also the individual. Whether they belong to Hinduism or not, Indian philosophers have been familiar with the concept of tattvas since ancient times. It is difficult to find an Indian school of philosophy that do not deal with this subject.
Even the atheistic schools talk about it. So important is the concept that even Jainism and Buddhism have their own version of tattvas. The Samkhya school of Hinduism made the concept of tattvas their central philosophy while detailing the process of creation.
The Samkhya school of philosophy identifies 24 tattvas that are used in creation. In Samkhya there is no divine element or para tattva. The Vedanta school of philosophy accepts these 24 tattvas with some improvements.
They also recognize a supreme or divine tattva which is absent in the Samkhya. Saivism identifies 36 tattvas and considers Siva tattva as the highest. Beyond Siva tattva is the atattva, which is not counted among the The names of the 36 tattvas and their descriptions are as below. The symbolic significance of the number 36 has been very beautifully explained by Yogacharya Sri Somananda 1 in the following lines:.
Does it matter whether there are twenty-five or thirty-six Tattvas? The answer is that it does matter. For the sake of harmony and unity, all Yogic traditions must agree with this.
However, there is another important reason. The number "36" is a sacred number which has a special meaning in Yoga. Indeed, it has many different meanings or one meaning with many different facets, like a diamond. Strictly speaking, this must be revealed by the Teacher to the disciple.
We may nevertheless disclose some of it so that the seeker may acquire a taste of the infinitely profound, unsurpassed and incomparable Wisdom of Yoga Dharma.
Therefore, "5" and "1", being inseparable, are taken together as "6". Thus by writing "3" and "6" we arrive at the sacred number "36". This is the innermost, secret meaning. In brief, it represents a symbol of completeness. In practice, therefore, the number "36" or symbolises man's and the World's Revolution or Completion of the Circle of Life and return to the original Point of departure. It is a return that must be urgently effectuated by the modern World for the Salvation of all Souls and the Establishment of Divine Life on Earth.
Finally, if we add "3" and "6", we obtain the number "9". Note: The following links are mostly third party links. When you click on them, you may leave the website or the links may open in a new window. The 36 tattvas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An Introduction to Tattvas. The 36 Tattvas. The Samkhya Philosophy and 24 Principles of Creation. Kapila and the Samkhya yoga.
The Sankhya Philosophy of Kapila. Siva Tattva - The Reality of Shiva. The 36 Tattvas and Their Significance. Kashmiri Saivism, Philosophy and Practices. Eightfold Yoga and Mantra Siddhi. Translate the Page. Search the Site.
All Rights Reserved. They belong to the pure worlds. Through them Prakriti manifests gross bodies, organs, senses, sense-objects and other things of gross material. Shakti-tattva is again subdivided into following five 6. These are atma tattvas. The atma-tattvas and the prakriti tattvas manifest themselves in the jivas as their physical, mental and subtle bodies. The five shakti tattvas veil the five Siva-tattvas which give rise to limitations of experience and awareness.
Atma-tattvas perpetuates these limitations till the jivas are liberated. Prakriti-tattva is again subdivided into the following 20 The 5 Gnanendriyas The 5 Karmendriyas The 5 Tanmantras The 5 Mahabhutas
The 36 Tattvas
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The 36 tattvas
The tattvas in Indian philosophy are elements or principles of reality. Samkhya philosophy lists 25 tattvas while later Shaivite philosophies extend the number to Tattvas are used to explain the structure and origin of the Universe. The pure tattvas describe internal aspects of the Absolute ; the pure-impure tattvas describe the soul and its limitations; while the impure tattvas include the universe and living beings that assist the existence of soul. Samkhya philosophy considers there exist only 25 tattvas - twenty four atma tattvas along with atman or soul. According to the early Shaivite philosophies, Parashiva or Parameshwara is the ultimate Reality or Parabrahman , "the one form where everything emerges. Another important sect of Shaivism, Shaiva Siddhanta , a monism -cum- dualistic school, describes the tattvas in a different perspective.
The 36 Tattvas and Their Significance
Tattvas are the foundation of yoga philosophy. Many of my students and spiritual seekers requested me to explain tattvas in a very simplistic term. The purpose of this article is to explain tattvas in a meaningful way so that anyone can understand and practice tattva meditation easily. Understanding tattvas help us to evolve our consciousness to higher levels.